Stomach cancer tends to develop slowly and cause few if any symptoms in the early stages. The location in the stomach where the cancer develops is often reflected in the symptoms the tumor causes and the likely outcomes. Cancers that develop in the lining of the stomach, called adenocarcinomas, are the most common type of stomach cancer. Some other types of stomach cancers include: lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumors and carcinoid tumors.
Stomach cancer causes few symptoms in its early stages, making it hard to detect until it has progressed.
Common symptoms of stomach cancer include:
- Abdominal pain or discomfort, usually above the naval
- Loss of appetite
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Feeling of fullness in the abdomen, even if only consuming a small meal
- Blood in stool
- Weight loss
Many different treatment options are available to treat stomach cancer. The best options depend on the location and stage of your cancer. A partial or total gastrectomy, or removal of part or all of the stomach along with lymph nodes and fatty tissue, are typical treatments for stomach cancer. Sometimes other nearby organs – or parts of them – must also be removed. Some early-stage stomach cancers can be treated with endoscopic resection, which is performed with an endoscope placed down the patient’s throat and used to remove the tumor without an incision. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are often used to shrink a tumor prior to surgery, to kill remaining cancer cells after surgery or to minimize symptoms in advanced stomach cancer patients. Targeted drugs, such as those that incite your immune system to kill cancer cells and others that attack abnormalities in cancer cells, are sometimes used in the treatment of stomach cancer as well.Previous Page Last Review Date: April 30, 2020